Dentistry is divided into many branches,known as specialisations.
1.Oral Medicine and Radiology :- It is a specialisation concerned with the non-surgical medical aspects of dentistry.It is involved with primary diagnosis and treatment of oral diseases that do not respond to conventional dental procedures.Radiology deals with the radiographs(x-rays) of teeth and their related structures.
2.Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery :-It is a http://www.smileusa.com/prosthodontics/ speciality in dentistry dealing with the diagnosis, surgical related treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the head, neck,mouth, teeth, gums and jaws.
3.Prosthodontics :- It is a branch of dentistry pertaining to the restoration and maintainence of oral function,comfort,appearance,and health of patient by the restoring natural teeth and replacement of missing teeth and craniofacial tissues http://louisville.edu/dentistry/dental-associates/services/oral-pathology with artificial substitutes.
4.Conservative dentistry and Endodontics :- Conservative dentistry is the branch of dentistry concerned with diagnosis,prevention and treatment of diseases related to teeth and its associated structures.It deals with the conservation of teeth in the oral cavity.
Endodontics deals with the tooth pulp and the tissues surrounding the root of a tooth.The most common procedure carried by this specialists is Root canal therapy.
5.Periodontics :-It is the study dealing with the health and diseases of the supporting and investing structures of the tooth like the gums,periodontal ligament ,cementum and bone.
6.Orthodontics :- Orthodontics is concerned with the prevention,interception and correction of improper alignment of teeth and abnormalities in the dento facial region.
7.Pedodontics :-It is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence.It also focuses on the child psychology and management.
8.Oral Pathology :- It is a branch which deals with the nature, identification, and management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions
9.Community and Preventive Dentistry :- It is a dentistry branch which deals with the dental public health.They include epidemiological study on oral health,carry out surveys of local population,conducts camps and create awareness among the people about the preventive aspects and maintaining oral hygiene.